If you own a firm, you can be considered self-employed. However, the IRS has regulations defining who is considered a self-employed person and who is not. In essence, self-employed people are all businessmen, but not all businessmen are self-employed. 

Different self-employments 

Learn what self-employment is before exploring the five different sorts of it. According to the IRS, self-employed people must be sole proprietors of their businesses, associates in a trade alliance, or, last but not least, proprietors of their own companies. 

Owners of limited liability corporations are regarded as self-employed people by the IRS (LLCs). This is because the state levies LLCs either as co-proprietors for a multi-member firm or as sole rights with a single member. 

Let’s take a look at the five categories of self-employment while keeping these requirements in mind.

Gig workers 

Commuters, DoorDash courier personnel, or fitness trainers might come to mind when you think about contract workers. There is a slight difference. Gig workers aren’t employed, just like freelancers. The organization for whom they conduct their labor does not employ them officially. To report their earnings, contractors also obtain Paper 1099-NEC after the year.

Because of the complexity of their work, contract employees have less power over their job. These contract employees may also perform many duties at once. 

Most gig jobs are momentary, with workers switching to the next one in a matter of a few minutes, like Uber drivers.


The freelancer is the most well-known type of independent worker. The IRS states that a person is a free worker if the hiring firm solely oversees the final products of the work they execute. Free workers decide what they will perform and how they will operate. 

The supervisors of freelancers are themselves. They are in charge of finding, negotiating, and charging the customer for their services. They determine where, how much, and when they labor. Companies do not hire freelancers.

Sole proprietorship

Numerous new companies are founded with sole ownership. If the state recognizes the company and the person as the same statutory body, the person who controls and administers the company is known as a sole proprietor. Holders of businesses, therefore, receive the entire revenue while also taking on all chances and liabilities. Additionally, because there is no statutory division, the business owner’s wealth is at stake.

When launching a firm by themselves, people are not required to identify as sole proprietors. Instead, until individuals decide to adopt a new legal structure and submit the necessary documentation, they are always sole proprietors.

Single member LLC

An LLC is a company that is lawfully distinct from its proprietor. Identical to corporate owners, LLC owners are protected financially and legally. So they can conduct deals without utilizing their private details by opening financial accounts in the company’s name. 

Owners of LLCs are not individually accountable for any corporate liabilities because they are distinct legal organizations. In other terms, if the company faces bankruptcy, the proprietors are not at risk of losing their cash belongings.

The business owner is responsible for paying the income tax owed by the company. Titleholders are considered self-employed by the IRS since they declare earnings and setbacks on their tax returns.


Businesses operated by two or more individuals are known as partnerships as opposed to single sole proprietors. Co-owners and participants are other names for associates. 

Four different kinds of partnerships exist:

Limited liability partnership

Participants are not individually responsible for the liabilities of the company or the acts of the other associates. Each participant in this kind of cooperation is only accountable for their activities, and they may be shielded from the conduct of other parties.

Limited partnership 

Company owners team up in a limited partnership with unknown financiers. The firm’s management and day-to-day activities are not managed by anonymous shareholders. Additionally, managerial responsibilities and liability risks are not shared by shareholders. 

General partnership

In this type of partnership, two or more persons own the business and normally split earnings and liabilities evenly.

LLC partnership

This kind of partnership functions more like a limited liability corporation with participants as opposed to a single holder. In an alliance of this form, the owners are often immune from liability for the conduct of the company. However, individuals are subject to liability for the conduct of other members.